DOI: 10.18129/B9.bioc.annotate    

This is the development version of annotate; for the stable release version, see annotate.

Annotation for microarrays

Bioconductor version: Development (3.17)

Using R enviroments for annotation.

Author: R. Gentleman

Maintainer: Bioconductor Package Maintainer <maintainer at>

Citation (from within R, enter citation("annotate")):


To install this package, start R (version "4.3") and enter:

if (!require("BiocManager", quietly = TRUE))

# The following initializes usage of Bioc devel


For older versions of R, please refer to the appropriate Bioconductor release.


To view documentation for the version of this package installed in your system, start R and enter:



PDF R Script Annotation Overview
PDF R Script Basic GO Usage
PDF R Script HowTo: Get HTML Output
PDF R Script HowTo: use chromosomal information
PDF R Script HOWTO: Use the online query tools
PDF R Script Using Affymetrix Probe Level Data
PDF R Script Using Data Packages
PDF   Reference Manual


biocViews Annotation, GO, Pathways, Software
Version 1.77.0
In Bioconductor since BioC 1.6 (R-2.1) or earlier (> 17.5 years)
License Artistic-2.0
Depends R (>= 2.10), AnnotationDbi(>= 1.27.5), XML
Imports Biobase, DBI, xtable, graphics, utils, stats, methods, BiocGenerics(>= 0.13.8), httr
Suggests hgu95av2.db, genefilter, Biostrings(>= 2.25.10), IRanges, rae230a.db, rae230aprobe, tkWidgets, GO.db,,, humanCHRLOC, Rgraphviz, RUnit
Depends On Me ChromHeatMap, geneplotter, GOSim, GSEABase, idiogram, macat, MGFM, MineICA, MLInterfaces, Neve2006, phenoTest, PREDA, PREDAsampledata, sampleClassifier, SemDist
Imports Me CAFE, Category, categoryCompare, CNEr, codelink, debrowser, DrugVsDisease, genefilter, GlobalAncova, globaltest, GOstats, lumi, methylumi, MGFR, phenoTest, qpgraph, ReportingTools, tigre, UMI4Cats
Suggests Me BiocGenerics, GenomicRanges, GSAR, GSEAlm, hmdbQuery, maigesPack, metagenomeSeq, MLP, pageRank, pcxn, PhosR, puma, RnBeads, siggenes, SummarizedExperiment, systemPipeR
Links To Me
Build Report  

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Follow Installation instructions to use this package in your R session.

Source Package annotate_1.77.0.tar.gz
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